The Shaping of the Environment

“How was society and the environment changed with the completion of the Transcontinental Railroad?”

 Image courtesy of the Library of Congress



Chinese Railroad Workers: Their Contributions to an Industrial and Urban America

“What were Chinese Railroad Workers’ contributions to the geographic, economic, social, and demographic trends in America to 1877?”

 Image courtesy of the Library of Congress


The Impact of the Transcontinental Railroad on post-Civil War America

“‘California’s Big Four and their Union/Southern Pacific company made a positive impact on post-Civil War American society.’ To what extent is this statement true?”

Image courtesy of the Library of Congress


The above lessons are products of the 2013 NEH Seminar and are to be used for individual classroom purposes only. Please direct any questions to